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1. It takes sb khoảng thời gian to V sth = sb spend khoảng thời gian V-ing sth

VD: It took her 3 hours to get to the city centre. = She spent 3 hours getting to the city centre.


2. Understand = tobe aware of

VD: Do you understand the grammar structure? = Are you aware of the grammar structure?


3. Like = tobe interested in = enjoy = keen on

VD: She likes politics = She is interested in politics


4. Because + clause = because of + N

VD: He can’t move because his leg was broken = He can’t move because of his broken leg


5. Although + clause = despite + N = in spite of + N

VD: Although she is old, she can compute very fast = Despite / In spite of her old age, she can compute very fast


6. Succeed in doing sth = manage to do sth

VD: We succeeded in digging the Panama cannel = We managed to dig the Panama cannel


7. Cấu trúc: …. too + adj (for sb) to do sth: quá để làm gì

VD: She is so beautiful that everybody loves her. = It is such a beautiful girl that everybody loves her.

Adj/ Adv + enough (for sb) to do sth: đủ để làm gì VD: This car is safe enough for him to drive = The policeman ran quickly enough to catch the robber


8. Cấu trúc: prefer sb to V sth = would rather sb Vpast sth: thích, muốn ai làm gì

VD: I’prefer you (not) to smoke here = I’d rather you (not) smoked here


9. Prefer doing sth to doing sth: thích làm gì hơn làm gì =Would rather do sth than do sth VD: She prefers staying at home to going out = She’d rather stay at home than go out


10. Can = tobe able to = tobe possible


11. Harly + had +S + Vpp when S + Vpast: ngay sau khi... thÌ = No sooner + had +S + Vpp than S + Vpast

VD: As soon as I left the house, he appeared = Harly had I left the house when he appeared = No sooner had I left the house than he appeared


12. Not………..any more : không còn nữa = No longer + dạng đảo ngữ = S no more V

VD: I don’t live in the courtryside anymore  = No longer do I live in the coutryside = I no more live in the coutryside


13. At no time + dạng đảo ngữ: không khi nào, chẳng khi nào

VD: I don’t think she loves me = At no time do I think she loves me


14. Tobe not worth = there is no point in doing sth: không đáng làm gì


15. Tobe not worth doing sth = there is no point in doing sth: không đáng, vô ích làm gì

VD: It’s not worth making him get up early =There is no point in making him getting early


16. It seems that = it appears that = it is likely that =it look as if/ as though: dường như rằng VD: It seems that he will come late = It appears that / it is likely he will come late = He is likely to come late. = It look as if he will come late


17. Although + clause = Despite + Nound/gerund


18. S + V + N = S + be + adj


19. S + be + adj = S + V + O


20. S + be accustomed to + Ving = S + be used to +Ving /N


21. S + often + V = S + be used to +Ving /N

VD: Nana often cried when she meets with difficulties. = Nana is used to crying when she meets with difficulties


 22. This is the first time + S + have + PII = S+be + not used to + Ving/N

VD: This is the first time I have seen so many people crying at the end of the movie. = I was not used to seeing so many people crying at the end of the movie.


23. S + would prefer = S + would rather S + Past subjunctive (lối cầu khẩn)


24. S + like sth/doing sth better than sth/doing sth = S + would rather + V + than + V = S + prefer sth /doing sth to sth/doing sth...

VD: I prefer going shoping to playing volleyball = I would rather go shoping than play volleyball.


25. S + V + O = S + find + it (unreal objective) + adj + to + V


26. It’s one’s duty to do sth = S + be + supposed to do sth


27. S + be + PII + to + V = S + be + supposed to do sth


28. Imperative verb (mệnh lệnh) = S + should (not) + be + PII


29. Imperative verb (mệnh lệnh) = S + should (not) + do sth


30. S + like sth = S + be + fond of + sth

VD: I like do collecting stamps. = I'm fond of collecting stamps.


31. I + let + O + do sth = S + allow + S.O + to do Sth

VD: My boss let him be on leave for wedding. = My boss allow him to be on leave for wedding.


32. S + once + past verb = S + would to + do sth.


33. S + present verb (negative) any more = S + would to + do sth


34. S + V + because + S + V = S + V + to + infinitive

VD: She studies hard because she wants to pass the final examination. = She studies hard to pass the final examination.


35. S + V + so that/ in order that+ S + V = S + V + to + infinitive


36. To infinitive or gerund + be + adj = It + be + adj + to + V


37. S + V + and + S + V = S + V + both ... and


38. S + V + not only ... + but also = S + V + both ... and


39. S + V + both ... and ... = S + V + not only ... but also...

VD: He translated fast and correctly. = He translated not only fast but also correctly


 40. S1+simple present+and+S2+simple futher =If+S1 + simple present + S2 + simple futher


41. S1+didn’t + V1 + Because + S2 + didn’t + V2 = If Clause


 42. S1 + V1 + if + S2 + V2(phủ định)= S1 + V1 + Unless + S2 + V2 (khẳng định)


43. S + V + O = S + be + noun + when + adj clause.


44. S + V + O = S + be + noun + where + adj clause.


45. S + V + O = S + be + noun + whom + adj clause.


46. S + V + O = S + be + noun + which + adj clause.


47. S + V + O = S + be + noun + that + adj clause.


48. S + V + if + S + V (phu dinh) = S + V + unless + S + V (khẳng định)


49. S + be + scared of sth = S + be + afraid of + sth


50. Let’s + V = S + suggest + that + S + present subjunctive


51. In my opinion = S + suggest + that + S + present subjunctive (quan điểm của tôi)


52. S + advise = S + suggest + that + S + present subjunctive


53. Why don’t you do sth? = S + suggest + that + S + present subjunctive


54. S + get + sb + to do sth = S + have + sb + do sth

VD: She gets him to spend more time with her. = She have him spend more time with her.


55. S + aks + sb + to do sth = S + have + sb + do sth

VD: Police asked him to identify the other man in the next room. = Police have him identify the other man in the next room.

56. S + request + sb + to do sth= S + have + sb + do sth

VD: The teacher request students to learn by heart this poem. = The teacher have students learn by heart this poem.


57. S + want + sb + to do sth = S + have + sb + do sth

VD: I want her to lend me = I have her lend me.


58. S + V + no + N = S + be + N-less

VD: She always speaks no care. = She is always careless about her words


59. S + be + adj + that + S + V = S + be + adj + to + V  

VD: Study is necessary that you will get a good life in the future. = Study is necessary to get a good life in the future.


60. S + be + adj + prep = S + V + adv

VD: My students are very good at Mathematics. = My students study Mathematics well


61. S + remember + to do Sth = S + don’t forget + to do Sth

VD: I remember to have a Maths test tomorrow = I don't forget to have a Maths test tomorrow


62. It + be + adj = What + a + adj + N!

VD: It was an interesting film. = What an interesting film.


63. S + V + adv = How + adj + S + be ...

VD: She washes clothes quickly = How quick she is to wash clothes.


64. S + be + ing-adj = S + be +ed-adj


65. S + V = S + be + ed-adj


66. S + V + Khoảng thời gian = It + take + (sb) + Khoảng thời gian + to + V

VD: She have learned English for 5 years. = It take her 5 year to learn English.


67. S + be + too + adj + (for s.o) + to + V = S + be + so + adj + that + S + can’t + V

VD: The water is too hot for Peter to drink. = The water is so hot that Peter can't drink


68. S + V + too + adv + to + V = S + V + so + adv + that + S + can’t + V


69. S + be + so + adj + that + S + V = S + be + not + adj + enough + to + V


70. S + be + too + adj + to + V = S + be + not + adj + enough + to + V


71. S + V + so + adv + that + S + V = It + V + such + (a/an) + N(s) + that + S +V

VD: He speaks so soft that we can’t hear anything. = He does not speak soft 


72. Because + clause = Because of + noun/gerund

VD: Because she is absent her from school= Because of her absence from school