test 10

Tạo bởi Hang Minh Đăng trong lớp : LUYỆN THI THPT QUỐC GIA 2017
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1-2

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.

Question: 1

A. comfortable            B. syllable              C. able                  D. capable

A
B
C
D
Question: 2

A. habitat           B. protection           C. essential            D. priority

A
B
C
D
3-10

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to the
sentence given in each of the following questions.


Question: 3

“I’m very sorry for what happened but you will just have to accept the truth.” Laura said to
her friend.


(A) Laura took the responsibility for what had happened.
(B) Laura didn’t mean to tell the truth.
(C) Laura apologized to her friend for what had happened.
(D) Laura consoled her friend.
A
B
C
D
Question: 4

No matter how hard he tried, Mike could not make sense of his economics textbook.

(A) Mike could not understand his economics textbook because he hardly tried to at all.
(B) In spite of his efforts, Mike was unable to understand the contents of his economics textbook.
(C) If Mike had studied harder, he would have been able to comprehend what was in his economics textbook.
(D) It was impossible for Mike to understand his economics textbook without making a great effort.
A
B
C
D
Question: 5

I have seen all of her films but one.

(A) I have seen only one film of hers.
(B) I have seen one of her films.
(C) There is only one film of hers that I have not seen.
(D) I have finished seeing even one film of hers.
A
B
C
D
Question: 6

Many people are afraid of sharks, but they rarely attack people.

(A) Although sharks rarely attack people, many people are afraid of them.
(B) Many people are afraid of sharks because they are dangerous.
(C) Rarely attacked by sharks, many people are, therefore, afraid of them.
(D) Sharks rarely attack people because many people are afraid of them.
A
B
C
D
Question: 7

In 1908, the Irish explorer Earnest Shackleton was on the point of reaching the South Pole
when he decided to turn back.


(A) The Irish explorer Earnest Shackleton couldn’t see the point of reaching the South Pole in 1908, so he chose to go back.
(B) In 1908, Earnest Shackleton, who was an explorer from Ireland, reached the South Pole just when he was deciding to return.
(C) At the point when the Irish explorer Earnest Shackleton thought about turning around, he was on his way to the South Pole.
(D) Earnest Shackleton, who was an Irish explorer, came close to the South Pole in 1908, but then he made up his mind to go back.
A
B
C
D
Question: 8

“All right, it’s true. I was nervous,” said the girl.

(A) The girl admitted to have been nervous.
(B) The girl decided that she had been nervous.
(C) The girl denied being nervous.
(D) The girl admitted that she had been nervous.
A
B
C
D
Question: 9

People say that Carter was the best director of his time.

(A) Carter is said to be the best director of his time.
(B) Carter is said to have been the best director of his time.
(C) It was said that Carter was the best director of his time.
(D) Carter was said to have been the best director of his time.
A
B
C
D
Question: 10

I’d rather you did not park here.

(A) Parking here is permitted.
(B) I did not park here.
(C) Would you mind not parking here?
(D) I would like you to park here.
A
B
C
D
11-13

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.

Question: 11
(A) particular
(B) interesting
(C) significant
(D) curriculum
A
B
C
D
Question: 12
(A) eradicate
(B) independent
(C) agricultural
(D) optimistic
A
B
C
D
Question: 13
(A) casual
(B) prepare
(C) prosperity
(D) historical
A
B
C
D
14-15

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.

Question: 14

Because Jack defaulted on his loan, the bank took him to court.

(A) failed to pay
(B) paid in full
(C) had a bad personality
(D) was paid much money
A
B
C
D
Question: 15

His career in the illicit drug trade ended with the police raid this morning.

(A) elicited
(B) irregular
(C) secret
(D) legal
A
B
C
D
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word(s) for each of the following blanks.

     The Great Wall (16)___________ for 5,000 kilometers across China from the East coast to the Gobi Desert. This biggest of all building projects was begun 2,000 years ago during Qin Dynasty. (17)__________ built walls were all joined up to form one huge line, supposedly to (18)___________ any invading nomads. The project used thousands of workers, many of (19)________________ were prisoners. (20)_____________ 180 million cubic meters of earth were used to form the wall’s core.

     The wall was not particularly successful as a deterrent to invaders. However, it was very useful as a kind of ancient, elevated motorway. Men and equipment could be (21)___________ moved along the wall, through the previously inhospitable, mountainous land.

     Also, a very useful communication system was developed between the different sections of the wall. Smoke signals were used (22)______________ messages quickly anywhere along the wall’s length.

      Now, the Great Wall is China’s most popular (23)____________ . It has suffered some decay and destruction over the centuries. Parts have been worn away by the wind and weather. Other sections have been destroyed by local peasants who carried off the materials to make their own homes. However, the wall is still a (n) (24)______________ sight, and a lasting monument to the (25)_____________ Chinese civilization that created it.

Question: 16
(A) stretches
(B) lengthens
(C) balances
(D) lasts
A
B
C
D
Question: 17
(A) Detachedly
(B) Separately
(C) Privately
(D) Individually
A
B
C
D
Question: 18
(A) keep on
(B) keep out
(C) keep from
(D) drive away
A
B
C
D
Question: 19
(A) who
(B) which
(C) whom
(D) them
A
B
C
D
Question: 20
(A) Or so
(B) Somewhat
(C) Around
(D) Approximate
A
B
C
D
Question: 21
(A) easily
(B) difficultly
(C) easier
(D) quicker
A
B
C
D
Question: 22
(A) to sending
(B) to take
(C) to send
(D) to taking
A
B
C
D
Question: 23
(A) tour guide
(B) tourist business
(C) tourist centre
(D) tourist attraction
A
B
C
D
Question: 24
(A) delighting
(B) scaring
(C) boring
(D) amazing
A
B
C
D
Question: 25
(A) antique
(B) old
(C) aged
(D) ancient
A
B
C
D
26-30

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction in each
of the following questions.


Question: 26

Crime invention is as crucial in the workplace like it is in the home or neighborhood.
          A                        B                               C                                        D

A
B
C
D
Question: 27

It would be much better if everyone were charged for the amount of rubbish one

                         A                             B                                C                       D

produced.

A
B
C
D
Question: 28

Of the more than 1,300 volcanoes in the world, only about 600 can classify as active

                                          A                              B                            C             D

ones.

A
B
C
D
Question: 29

When I got to the passport control, there was a long line of people waited to show

               A                                                          B                          C         D

their passports.

A
B
C
D
Question: 30

Finished her household chores, Mary decided to do some  shopping.
     A                         B                                      C                   D

A
B
C
D
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

     Psychologists who study information processing have identified and described several memory structures that clarify how our memory works. They include the sensory register short-term memory, and long-term memory. Each structure varies as to how much information it can hold and for how long.

      A description of how human process information typically begins with environmental stimuliOur sense receptors are constantly stimulated by visual, auditory, tactile, olfactory, and gustatory stimuliThese experiences are initially recorded in the sensory register, so named because information is thought to be encoded there in the same form in which it was perceived. The purpose of the sensory register is to hold information one to three seconds. Information not recognized or otherwise selected by us disappears from the system. The sensory register can hold about twelve items of information at a time. Typists make extensive use of the sensory register in order to remember words just long enough to get them typed. If no further processing takes place, a typist’s ability to recall information later is minimal. Similarly, most of us have had the experience of reading an entire page of text, only to discover when we got to the bottom of the page, we couldn’t say anything about it except that we had indeed “read” every word.

      Once information has been recognized as meaningful, it is sent to short-term memory. In this case, short-term is approximately 20 seconds. While this may seem surprising, it can be easily demonstrated. If you were asked to dial an unfamiliar phone number, received a busy signal, and were then distracted by something or someone else for 15 to 20 seconds, chances are you would have forgotten the number at that point. Short-term memory is often referred to as “working” memory.

     Most cognitive psychologists believe that the storage capacity of long-term memory is unlimited and contains a permanent record of everything an individual has learned and experienced. Information is encoded there to enhance its meaningfulness and organization so that it can be easily retrieved when necessary.

Question: 31

What is the purpose of the passage?

(A) To explain how our memory processes information.
(B) To describe the sensory register.
(C) To explain why we sometimes forget information.
(D) To compare short-term and long-term memory.
A
B
C
D
Question: 32

The word “They” in paragraph 1 refers to

(A) psychologists
(B) information
(C) memory structures
(D) environmental stimuli
A
B
C
D
Question: 33

The word “stimuli” in lines 4 and 5 is closest in meaning to .

(A) objects or events that activate our memory.
(B) things that help us to later recall what happened.
(C) objects we consider attractive.
(D) situations in which we experience emotions.
A
B
C
D
Question: 34

According to the passage, typists are unable to recall information they type if ___________.

(A) they are tired.
(B) they are distracted by something or someone.
(C) they have too much work to be able to process it all.
(D) they do not recognize it as meaningful enough to remember.
A
B
C
D
Question: 35

The word “minimal” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to___________ .

(A) very big
(B) very good
(C) very pretty
(D) very small
A
B
C
D
Question: 36

According to the passage, which type of information is sent to short-term
memory?


(A) Information we need for three seconds or less.
(B) Information that is relevant to us.
(C) Information that surprises us.
(D) Environmental stimuli we do not perceive.
A
B
C
D
Question: 37

It can be inferred that short-term memory is called “working” memory because_________ .

(A) we use it extensively when we are working.
(B) it holds information we are working on at a given moment.
(C) it is very difficult to use effectively.
(D) we must work hard to retrieve information from it.
A
B
C
D
Question: 38

The word “capacity” in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to__________ .

(A) size
(B) quality
(C) location
(D) time
A
B
C
D
Question: 39

The word “retrieved” in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to _____________.

(A) bought
(B) interrupted
(C) recovered
(D) forgotten
A
B
C
D
Question: 40

Which of the following would we most easily retrieve from long-term
memory?


(A) A wrong telephone number we dialed.
(B) The face of a stranger on the street.
(C) The birth date of our child.
(D) Voices from the television in the background.
A
B
C
D
41-43

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.

Question: 41

The pilot miraculously survived the crash unscathed.

(A) unsurprised
(B) unhurt
(C) unhappy
(D) undeterred
A
B
C
D
Question: 42

Ponce de Leon searched in vain for a means of rejuvenating the aged.

(A) making weary again
(B) making wealthy again
(C) making young again
(D) making merry again
A
B
C
D
Question: 43

Tennis wear has become a very lucrative business for both manufacturers and tennis
stars.


(A) illegal
(B) expansive
(C) circumstantial
(D) profitable
A
B
C
D
44-45

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct sentence that is made by the following words given.

Question: 44

plants /animals /survive/ oxygen.

(A) Neither plants nor animals can survive having oxygen.
(B) Neither plants or animals can survive without oxygen.
(C) Neither plants nor animals can survive without oxygen.
(D) Not plants nor animals can survive with no oxygen.
A
B
C
D
Question: 45

Never / history / humanity / there/be / more people / live / world.

(A) Never in the history of humanity there are more people living in this world.
(B) Never in the history of humanity has there been more people to live in this world.
(C) Never in the history of humanity are there more people living in this world.
(D) Never in the history of humanity have there been more people living in this world
A
B
C
D
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

     After the Anasazi abandoned southwestern Colorado in the late 1200s or early 1300s, history’s pages are blank. The Anasazi were masons and apartment builders who occupied the deserts, river valleys, and mesas of this region for over a thousand years, building structures that have weathered the test of time.

     The first Europeans to visit southwestern Colorado were the ever-restless, ambitious Spanish, who sought gold, pelts, and slaves. In 1765, under orders from the Spanish governor in Santa Fe, Juan Maria Antonio Rivera led a prospecting and trading party into the region. Near the Dolores River in southwestern Colorado, he found some insignificant silver-bearing rocks, and it is thought that it was he who named the mountains nearby the Sierra de la Plata or the Silver Mountains. Rivera found little of commercial value that would interest his superiors in Santa Fe, but he did open up a route that would soon lead to the establishment of the Old Spanish Trail. This expedition and others to follow left names on the land which are only reminders we have today that the Spanish once explored this region.

     In 1776, one of the men who had accompanied Rivera, Andre Muniz, acted as a guide for another expedition. That party entered southwestern Colorado in search of a route west to California, traveling near today’s towns of Durango and Dolores. Along the way, they camped at the base of a large green mesa which today carries the name Mesa Verde. They were the first Europeans to record the discovery of an Anasazi archeological site in southwestern Colorado.

     By the early 1800s, American mountain men and trappers were exploring the area in their quest for beaver pelts. Men like Peg-leg Smith were outfitted with supplies in the crossroads trapping town of Taos, New Mexico. These adventurous American trappers were a tough bunch. They, possibly more than any other newcomers, penetrated deeply into the mountain fastness of southwestern Colorado, bringing back valuable information about the area and discovering new routes through the mountains. One of the trappers, William Becknell, the father of the Santa Fe Trail, camped in the area of Mesa Verde, where he found pottery shards, stone houses, and other Anasazi remains.




Question: 46

What does the passage mainly discuss?

(A) The Spanish influence in Colorado.
(B) The history of the Anasazi in Colorado.
(C) Early exploration of Colorado.
(D) Economic exploitation of Colorado.
A
B
C
D
Question: 47

The phrase “weathered the test of time” in paragraph 1 means that

(A) The Anasazi culture was very old.
(B) Anasazi buildings can still be seen.
(C) The Anasazi abandoned Colorado because of the desert conditions.
(D) Climatic conditions have changed since the time of the Anasazi.
A
B
C
D
Question: 48

Why does the author mention “gold, pelts, and slaves” in paragraph 2 ?

(A) To classify the natural resources.
(B) To criticize the cruelty of the Spanish.
(C) To point out the wealth of the region.
(D) To show commercial interest in the region.
A
B
C
D
Question: 49

The phrase “the region” in paragraph 2 refers to___________

(A) Sierra de la Plata
(B) Santa Fe
(C) southwestern Colorado
(D) New Mexico
A
B
C
D
Question: 50

It can be concluded from the lines 10-11 that__________

(A) many places have Spanish names.
(B) Rivera’s expedition was unsuccessful.
(C) not much is known of the Spanish exploration of the region.
(D) the Spanish culture quickly overtook the native culture.
A
B
C
D
Question: 51

The purpose of the expedition of 1776 was__________

(A) to look for a way to reach California.
(B) to study the archaeology of the region.
(C) to look for silver in the mountains.
(D) to build the towns of Durango and Dolores.
A
B
C
D
Question: 52

In paragraph 4, the author suggests that_________

(A) American trappers traded with the Spanish.
(B) mountain men and trappers survived in harsh conditions.
(C) Peg-leg Smith owned a trading post in New Mexico.
(D) beaver pelts were becoming scarce in Colorado in the 1800s.
A
B
C
D
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